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adventures into the land of the command line

setting up your own local yum repo

firstly, ensure there is somewhere to store the rpms

mkdir -p /mnt/repo

if you have shared storage to mount, you can setup a /mnt/repo mount via /etc/fstab so it’s permanent

/dev/xvdf  /mnt/repo  ext4           defaults 0      2

install apache

$ yum install httpd

enable vhosts in apache’s /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf by adding the following line (or uncommenting it)

NameVirtualHost *:80

add the apache virtual host that will serve /mnt/repo

$ vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/repo.conf

ServerAdmin @
DocumentRoot "/repo"
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b %D %T" repo_combined
ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/repo-error_log"
CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/repo-access_log" repo_combined

make sure that ‘apache’ has ownership (or at least read) to /mnt/repo and any directory/file you create under it

$ chown -R apache:apache /mnt/repo/
$ chmod -R u+r /mnt/repo/

ensure that httpd is started and starts on boot

$ /sbin/service httpd start
$ /sbin/chkconfig httpd on

at this point we have a web server capable of serving files
the next thing we have to do is add files to the repository

$ cp somepackage /mnt/repo/

after placing your rpm files in /mnt/repo, create an rpm index

$ createrepo /mnt/repo/

it’s important that apache has read access to everything. if you aren’t doing the commands as apache (via sudo -u ) then fix everything up

$ chown -R apache:apache /mnt/repo/
$ chmod -R u+r /mnt/repo/

now we have a local repo that can serve rpms to our computers
to tell our localhost about our new repo

$ vim /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel-6-myrpms.repo


now our repo is available on our localhost and we can install rpms that we’ve put in there

$ yum clean all
$ yum makecache
$ yum --disablerepo="*" --enablerepo="rhel-6-myrpms" install somepackage